All children over 3 years old should have their blood pressure checked by a doctor at least once a year. You may need more frequent measurements if you have high blood pressure or other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Before making a diagnosis of hypertension, the doctor measures the blood pressure several times, during successive visits. Indeed, it can vary during the day depending on the activities, and vary from time to time. It is quite common for stress or nervousness to increase significantly when a patient walks into their doctor’s office and their blood pressure drops when they exit. This is referred to as the “white coat syndrome”. To avoid this type of reaction, the doctor may suggest that the patient measure his blood pressure himself at home using a blood pressure monitor. The doctor may also prescribe an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM) for the patient. ABPM is a compact device that records blood pressure measurement at specific times over a 24 hour period.
Once the reliable values have been obtained, the doctor can make a diagnosis: a person with a pressure of 140/90 or greater has high blood pressure. It should be noted that people with diabetes or kidney disease should ideally maintain a blood pressure that does not exceed 130/80.
let find out the 8 Habits that Increase Blood Pressure
1.Eating excess salt
Table salt, a condiment composed primarily of sodium and chlorine (sodium chloride – NaCl), is probably the most well-known villain in high blood pressure.
In modern societies, salt is consumed in an exaggerated way, far above our needs. Although the maximum consumption of 5 grams of salt per day is recommended, most people consume an average of 9 to 15 grams.
2. Taking hormonal contraceptives
Pills, injections, and other birth control devices that use estrogen can cause high blood pressure, especially in women over 35 and/or smokers.
Pills with doses of estrogen greater than 50 mcg are the most dangerous, however, for safety, it is recommended that hypertensive women avoid any type of contraceptive that contains estrogen in its formula.
3. Don’t worry about being overweight
Excess weight usually increases blood pressure, while weight loss generally decreases. About 25% of cases of hypertension in men and 30% in women are caused by being overweight.
A 10 kg increase in body weight doubles the risk of hypertension, while a 20 kg increase quadruples the risk.